Food & Drink

What Is Winter Melon and How Do You Use It?

Published on November 17, 2023 | 0 Comments
winter melon growing on a vine

What is a winter melon? Does it taste any good? You might have noticed it in the supermarket or an Asian store without even recognizing its name. At first glance, it might look like a cucumber, but the taste, size and texture are completely different. 

Winter melon, also known as Chinese melon, has a mild taste, and it is often used in Asian gastronomy, particularly in Chinese and Indian cuisines. 

The fun aspect of winter melons is that you can use them in many different ways. From preparing sweet snacks to making refreshing beverages, its versatility makes it a one-of-a-kind fruit. 

If you want to learn more about winter melon and its uses, keep reading. We'll guide you through the most common uses of this Chinese ingredient and ways you can incorporate it into your meals. 


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What Is a Winter Melon?

Winter melon is part of the gourd family, which includes other fruits and vegetables like melons, cucumbers, zucchini and pumpkins, among others. Scientifically called Benincasa hispida, winter melons are also commonly called ash gourd, wax gourd, Chinese melon and winter gourd. 

Winter melons typically grow in warm weather in various regions of Asia. Although they can be stored between three to four months, they are eaten during winter, hence the name. Additionally, when winter melons are immature, they have fine hairs and a fuzzy texture that remind people of snow. 

Winter melon’s main feature is its mild flavor and its ability to absorb the flavors of other ingredients. It is also believed that it has various health benefits, as explained by Healthline, so it’s used in traditional Chinese medicine for its potential cooling and diuretic properties. 

winter melon growing at a farm
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What Does a Winter Melon Taste Like?

Winter melon has a very mild and subtle flavor. The flesh of the melon is reminiscent of a subtle cucumber or zucchini but with a touch of natural sweetness, although it has a mostly neutral and bland taste.

When cooked, the flesh absorbs all the flavors of the ingredients it is prepared with, making it a good base for soups, curries and stews. The primary appeal of winter melon is its ability to complement and enhance the flavors of other ingredients rather than having a pronounced taste of its own. 

When it comes to the texture, winter melons are a cross between a cucumber and a watermelon, offering a refreshing and light quality. 

winter melon
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Buying Winter Melon

Finding winter melons is more challenging than finding other fruits. While some supermarkets might have them, winter melons are commonly found in well-stocked supermarkets and Asian stores, particularly those catering to a diverse range of ingredients for Asian cuisines. 

If you’re not experienced in cooking winter melon, buying it can be a challenge. How do you know if it’s at its prime point? 

While pre-cut forms of winter melon are available in some supermarkets, it is more commonly found in its whole form. When shopping for winter melons, make sure to look for those with smooth, unblemished and waxy skin that is firm to the touch. The skin should be pale green or a more grayish tone.

Avoid those that have any spots, wrinkles or that feel light. Usually, winter melons feel heavy for their size, indicating their juiciness. Additionally, it’s best to choose smaller to medium-sized winter melons as these have a more tender texture and milder flavor. 

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winter melon growing on a vine
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Tips for Working With Winter Melon

If you have a winter melon at home but have no idea what to do with it, here are some useful tips that will get you started:

  • Rinse: Remove any waxy or powdery substance that might be on the surface.

  • Peel and prepare: Peel the tough skin using a sharp knife or vegetable peeler. Once peeled, cut the melon into the desired shape, like cubes or slices, removing its seeds.

  • Soak: After cutting, soak the pieces in water for a short time. This helps reduce any potential bitterness and keeps them fresh. Drain and rinse before using.

  • Add flavors: As they have a bland and neutral flavor, make sure to cook them with complementary flavors to enhance their taste.

  • Ensure proper storage: To keep unused pieces fresh, place them in an airtight container in the refrigerator. This method can extend their freshness for 3-5 days.

winter melons on display at a food market
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Culinary Uses for Winter Melon

The best thing about winter melons is their versatility. From sweet to salty, bitter to spicy, you can make a wide range of meals and beverages with them. Let’s explore the most popular culinary uses.

Winter Melon in Food

Winter melon is a staple in Asian cuisine. You can make it in a wide range of ways. One of the most common preparation methods is soups. Winter melon is well-suited for soups, where its mild and slightly sweet flavor complements different ingredients. For example, melon soup is often simmered with chicken or pork, mushrooms and aromatic herbs.

Chinese melon can also be a great addition to stir-fry dishes. Its tender-crisp texture makes it a suitable partner for different sauces and ingredients, as it soaks up the dish's flavors. Similarly, in curries, both vegetarian and meat-based, winter melon can be added to provide a satisfying and textural contrast. 

On the other hand, winter melon’s versatility extends to sweet recipes as well. It can be candied to create sweet fillings for pastries and desserts. These candied winter melon pieces are often used in various confections and traditional sweets.

There are hundreds of winter melon recipes, and taking a cooking class near you is a great way to learn how to use them in a more creative and innovative way. Whether you’re interested in traditional Asian dishes or modern cuisine, cooking classes can help you unlock the full culinary potential of winter melon. You can also opt for online cooking classes to learn how to make recipes in the comfort of your home. 

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winter melon soup
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Winter Melon in Drinks

Winter melon's versatility extends beyond dishes, as it can also be an excellent ingredient for beverages, including smoothies, herbal teas and cocktails.

As it has a light, sweet flavor, it's useful to use it as a base that absorbs the essence of other ingredients. For instance, winter melon can be incorporated into smoothies to add a unique, delicate sweetness and a pleasing, slightly crisp texture. Blending winter melon with fruits like melons, pineapples or strawberries can create a refreshing, well-balanced smoothie. 

For herbal tea enthusiasts, winter melon is a fantastic addition to your repertoire. It's a staple in Asian cultures and is widely used to create soothing winter melon tea. This beverage can be prepared by gently simmering dried winter melon strips in hot water or by infusing winter melon syrup into brewed tea. The result is a tranquil, subtly sweet infusion that provides a perfect beverage for enjoying on a brisk day or as a refreshing choice to savor.

For creative mixologists, winter melon can also be a fun ingredient to explore with. Whether you're crafting cocktails, mocktails or exotic smoothies, experimenting with winter melon allows you to create unique flavor profiles. 

If you're interested in exploring more in-depth the art of mixology and learning how to craft your own creative blends, online mixology classes are a great way to level up your drink-making skills.

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Winter melon is not a common fruit, but it is certainly a delicious one. Whether you want to prepare a comforting soup or a refreshing beverage, the best part of winter melon is that you can do it all. 

Ready to expand your taste buds? For even more ways to explore your favorite foods, check out other experiences happening on Cozymeal.